After writing about some Arcade games, and Puzzle games I used on my iPod Touch, I remembered that at some point I installed a web server and made a small “statistics” website.

Warning!

Because I did this more than 3 years ago, some of the packages might not work, or might be superseded by other packages.

Additionally, this is made for the Original iPod Touch, limited to iOS 3.1.3, so the approach might work for newer devices, but using different methods and software.


1. Jailbreak the device

The first step is to jailbreak your device. Make sure to do a backup if you have data that you don’t want to lose. I used JailbreakMe 2.0 service from jailbreakme.com, which is pretty straightforward. You just visit an url which I might have mentioned and you follow the instructions on the screen. Be sure to choose to install Cydia

2. Change your iPod IP address to static

Go to Settings -> Networks, tap on the arrow to the right of your preferred network. Choose “Static”, enter your IP address and gateway. This will ensure you’ll always be able to find your ipod

3. Install OpenSSH

Once the jailbreak has completed successfully, you should have Cydia installed. Open it and install the OpenSSH package. Once this is installed, you can use PuTTY or your favourite ssh client and connect to the iPod

1
ssh mobile@192.168.0.69

or whatever IP you chose.

4. Secure your iPod

Use password alpine to log in, and make sure to change it by typing passwd

1
2
Andreis-iPod:~ mobile$ passwd
Changing password for mobile.

Also type su, to log in as root and change that password as well

5. Install some web server

Because it works out of the box, I installed lighthttpd, because it was the best working solution at some time

1
apt-get install ios-lighttpd-php-mysql

It automatically installs

  • PHP56 v5.6.*
  • Lighttpd-atv v1.4.*
  • MySQL-atv v5.1.*

The location of the web files is /var/www but if you’re encountering errors, you need to change the owner to ‘daemon:_www’

1
chown -R daemon:_www /var/www

6. Install various other tools

You can install stuff that will make your life easier on managing this small server, like Midnight Commander, cURL, wget, vim. This is done easily, by logging in as root and using

1
apt-get install <packagename>

Also you might want to install cron, as it doesn’t come out of the box.

6. Serving a statistics page

I wanted to create a page that shows some server info and stats, and I made it to look similar to the iOS 3.1.3 interface. Take the contents of the file below, save it as makeindex.sh to your home folder (or wherever else, using whatever name you want). Then run chmod +x makeindex.sh to be able to run it with ./makeindex.sh

You have the code and an example html below, and you can also see the output by following this link. The moment I find out how to bypass my home connection, I will send the iPod online (it has connectivity, but only outbound, not inbound)

The code for the .sh file
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
#!/bin/bash

function show_time () {
    num=$1
    min=0
    hour=0
    day=0
    if((num>59));then
        ((sec=num%60))
        ((num=num/60))
        if((num>59));then
            ((min=num%60))
            ((num=num/60))
            if((num>23));then
                ((hour=num%24))
                ((day=num/24))
            else
                ((hour=num))
            fi
        else
            ((min=num))
        fi
    else
        ((sec=num))
    fi
    echo "$day"d "$hour"h "$min"m "$sec"s
}

echo '<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en-US"><head><meta charset="UTF-8"><meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1, minimum-scale=1, maximum-scale=1, user-scalable=no"><title>iPod Touch System Info</title><style type="text/css">body{background:#000;color:#0f0;font-family: "Menlo", "Lucida Console", Courier, monospace;}h1,h2{text-align: left;font-family: "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif}.box{margin: 65px 20px 20px;position:relative;border-radius: 10px;}.box-content{padding:3px 20px 20px;white-space:pre-wrap}h2{padding: 0px 20px 0;text-transform:capitalize;margin:0;position:absolute;top: -40px;color: #53596b;text-shadow: 1px 1px #fff;}body{background: url("data:image/gif;base64,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");color: #111;margin: 0;text-align: left;-webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;}.box{background: #fff;}h1{font-size:170%;color: #fff;background: url("data:image/gif;base64,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");padding: 0px 25px;margin-top: 0;height: 44px;text-align: center;font-size: 23px;line-height: 44px;text-shadow: -1px -1px #555c6a;}h2{}body::after{content:"";clear:both;display:table}</style></head><body><h1>System Info</h1>' > /var/www/index.html
echo "<div class='box'><h2>Version</h2><div class='box-content' id='box-cpuinfo'>" >> "/var/www/index.html"; echo "$(uname -a)</div></div>" >> "/var/www/index.html";
echo "<div class='box'><h2>Uptime</h2><div class='box-content' id='box-uptime'>" >> "/var/www/index.html"; uptime | tr "," " " | cut -f5-8 -d" " >> "/var/www/index.html"; echo "</div></div>" >> "/var/www/index.html"
printf "<div class='box'><h2>Hardware</h2><div class='box-content'>\nHardware:	$(uname -n)\n$(sw_vers)\nCPU Speed:	$(($(sysctl -n hw.cpufrequency)/1000000))MHz\nRAM:		$(($(sysctl -n hw.physmem)/1048576))MB" >> "/var/www/index.html"; echo "</div></div>" >> "/var/www/index.html"
printf "<div class='box'><h2>Server</h2><div class='box-content'>\nServer:		lighttpd/1.4.36 (ssl)\nVisits:		$(($(grep -ri 'GET / HTTP/1.1' /var/log/lighttpd/lighttpd.log | grep -v '192.168.0.4' | wc -l)-1))</div></div>" >> /var/www/index.html
echo "<div class='box'><h2>Partitions</h2><div class='box-content' id='box-partitions'>" >> "/var/www/index.html"; echo "$(df -h)" >> "/var/www/index.html"; echo "</div></div>" >> "/var/www/index.html"
echo "</html></body>" >> /var/www/index.html
The HTML output of the .sh file
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en-US"><head><meta charset="UTF-8"><meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1, minimum-scale=1, maximum-scale=1, user-scalable=no"><title>iPod Touch System Info</title><style type="text/css">body{background:#000;color:#0f0;font-family: "Menlo", "Lucida Console", Courier, monospace;}h1,h2{text-align: left;font-family: "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif}.box{margin: 65px 20px 20px;position:relative;border-radius: 10px;}.box-content{padding:3px 20px 20px;white-space:pre-wrap}h2{padding: 0px 20px 0;text-transform:capitalize;margin:0;position:absolute;top: -40px;color: #53596b;text-shadow: 1px 1px #fff;}body{background: url("data:image/gif;base64,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");color: #111;margin: 0;text-align: left;-webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;}.box{background: #fff;}h1{font-size:170%;color: #fff;background: url("data:image/gif;base64,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");padding: 0px 25px;margin-top: 0;height: 44px;text-align: center;font-size: 23px;line-height: 44px;text-shadow: -1px -1px #555c6a;}h2{}body::after{content:"";clear:both;display:table}</style></head><body><h1>System Info</h1>
<div class='box'><h2>Version</h2><div class='box-content' id='box-cpuinfo'>
Darwin Andreis-iPod 10.0.0d3 Darwin Kernel Version 10.0.0d3: Fri Dec 18 01:26:55 PST 2009; root:xnu-1357.5.30~6/RELEASE_ARM_S5L8900X iPod1,1 arm N45AP Darwin</div></div>
<div class='box'><h2>Uptime</h2><div class='box-content' id='box-uptime'>
 19:39  
</div></div>
<div class='box'><h2>Hardware</h2><div class='box-content'>
Hardware:	Andreis-iPod
ProductName:    iPhone OS
ProductVersion: 3.1.3
BuildVersion:   7E18
CPU Speed:	412MHz
RAM:		116MB</div></div>
<div class='box'><h2>Server</h2><div class='box-content'>
Server:		lighttpd/1.4.36 (ssl)
Visits:		5</div></div><div class='box'><h2>Partitions</h2><div class='box-content' id='box-partitions'>
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/disk0s1    500M  399M   97M  81% /
devfs            17K   17K     0 100% /dev
/dev/disk0s2    7.1G  273M  6.9G   4% /private/var
</div></div>
</html></body>

If you get to this point, sky is the limit. What would you add to your portable server?